REDD+ in Mongolia

Mongolia is taking steps towards REDD+ Readiness, this relates to the efforts a country undertakes to develop the capacities and operational systems needed to implement REDD+.  Support to REDD+ readiness is provided to countries through bilateral and multilateral initiatives, including the UN-REDD Mongolia National Programme.  This includes financial and technical support to help countries develop the four REDD+ elements identified through UNFCCC negotiations

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REDD+ and Green Development in Mongolia

As a signatory to both the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, in 1992) and the Kyoto Protocol (1997), Mongolia is fully aware of the causes and potential impacts of climate change. Mongolia is striving to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while maintaining its path of economic development. Although still largely a developing country, Mongolia has recently experienced rapid rates of economic growth due to growth in the exploitation of mineral resources. Moreover, unless well managed, the growth may have negative impacts on the environment and the natural resource base. Compounding this, climate change threatens to reverse socio-economic advances. Recognizing these inter-related challenges, the Government has recently committed to a green development path.

Mongolia has committed to a low carbon pathway through development of the following policies:

  • Climate Change
  • Green Development Strategy (2015)
  • Sustainable Development Vision

REDD+ has the potential to contribute to green development by protecting global environmental resources, helping to reverse land degradation, promoting the improvement of rural livelihoods. Read more at: here

REDD+ also has potential to contribute towards climate change adaptation through activities which make forests and livelihoods they support more resilient towards the impacts of climate change. Read more at: here

REDD+ is integral to support for Mongolia’s commitment towards meeting the Global Sustainable Development Goals.
Read more at: here

Mongolia is not traditionally viewed as a forested country. However, its forests can be categorised into two broad zones: northern boreal forests and southern saxaul woodlands (classed as forests in Mongolia), with boreal accounting for approximately 13.1 million hectares of boreal forest and 4.6 million of saxual forest (FRDC, 2016)– an area roughly the size of Cambodia

Forest Resource Development Centre (2016). Forest Report. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Mongolia.

  • Mongolia is the first country with significant boreal forest cover to become a partner country of the United Nations initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UN-REDD Programme). Read more at: here