Component A:

REDD+ Management Systems and Enabling Capacity
[cq_vc_accordion accordionstyle=”style2″ contentcolor=”#474747″ contentbg=”#ffffff” accordiontitle=”PAM 1.0 Capacity Building and Enabling Mechanisms,PAM 2.0 Initiate Sustainable Financing Mechanisms and Mobilise Fund for Forest Sector,PAM 3.0 Program Management and REDD+ Implementation Mechanisms” titlecolor=”#0b6bbf” titlebg=”#f4f4f4″ titlehovercolor=”#ffffff” titlehoverbg=”#0f6dbf” withborder=”withBorder” withbordercolor=”#0166bf”][accordionitem]

1.1.Landscape Planning to enhance the climate change resilience and strengthen protection of ecosystem services
1.2.Analysis and Planning for undesignated Forest Areas
1.3.Policies
1.4.Capacity Building for Policy Makers
1.5.Capacity Building for Technical Stakeholders
1.6.Establish a GIS Laboratory at Forest Research Development Center
1.7.Staff Increase
1.8.Support recruitment of University and College students

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

2.1.Raise awareness and gain support from high-level decision makers for budget support for forests as contributor to sustainable development through incorporation of Green GPD values into national strategies and policies
2.2.Mobilise donor finance through international and private sector sources for implementation of the National Program
2.3.Review of existing budget sector payments and the effectiveness of current mechanisms especially for pests and tree planting.
2.4.Establish financial mechanism that includes PES / Forests usage by downstream forest users
2.5.Develop and implement mechanism for reporting and monitoring of allocated budget being used for forest sector budget as required under the Law on Natural Resource Use Fees and Law on Ecosystem Payment.
2.6.Develop and implement a system for monitoring of ecosystem service values and green GDP to encourage support from policy makers and enable monitoring of sustainable development goals

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

3.1.Stakeholder Engagement and Social Inclusion Capacitiy
3.2.Implementation of REDD+ Task Force Mechanisms
3.3.Implementation of REDD+ Technical Working Groups
3.4.Civil Society Forum is Strengthened and Implemented
3.5.REDD+ Taskforce Policy Mechanism is Approved
3.6.Safeguard Information System is Implemented
3.7.National Forest Monitoring System is Implemented
3.8.Forests Reference Level is Updated
3.9.Awareness and Behavior Change Program Conducted

[/accordionitem][/cq_vc_accordion]

Component B:

Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Reduced Forest Degradation
[cq_vc_accordion accordionstyle=”style2″ contentcolor=”#474747″ contentbg=”#ffffff” accordiontitle=”PAM 4.0 Reduced Forest Degradation from Forest Fire Through Sustainable Forest Management and Improved Forest Fire Control and Prevention Strategies,PAM 5.0 Reduced Forest Degradation by Improved Pest Control Regimes and Increase the Resilience of Forest Through Improved Ecosystem Health ,PAM 6.0 Strengthen the Legal Environment to Combat Illegal Logging and Strengthen the Capacity for Monitoring and Implementation” titlecolor=”#0b6bbf” titlebg=”#f4f4f4″ titlehovercolor=”#ffffff” titlehoverbg=”#0f6dbf” withborder=”withBorder” withbordercolor=”#0166bf”][accordionitem]

4.1.Community-based fire and disaster risk reduction plans developed for prevention of steppe and forest fires in vulnerable locations
4.2.Capacity building program for forest user groups and inter-soum agencies on firefighting practices, safety and fire prevention and control
4.3.Provision of forest firefighting equipment packages for inter-soum agencies and community groups in forest fire vulnerable soums
4.4.Build, equip and staff forest fire stations at aimag and soum level in fire vulnerable areas
4.5.Develop and implement early warning and fire detection system for forest and steppe fires
4.6.Develop and support a forest fire research program on long-term impacts of forest fire control and management strategies
4.7.Develop and implement policies to increase penalties and fines for individuals and groups who illegally cause forest fires
4.8.Implement increased cooperation with bordering countries to develop effective forests control strategies and to maintain forest fire breaks
4.9.Implement a nationwide program of deadwood cleaning and sustainable forest harvesting / thinning to remove dead wood to reduce forests fire risk, enhance ecosystem health, provide materials for industry and reduce vulnerability of the forests to fire risk
4.10.Reduce incidence of anthropogenic-caused fires through conducting a behaviour change and awareness raising campaign for community groups and other agents who cause forest fires
4.11.Increase forest fire protection and control patrols in areas with high incidence and risk of fire
4.12.Pilot measures for reducing fire risk/impact, such as active burning to reduce fuel load, establishment of fire breaks, and fire-fighting access roads

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

5.1.Develop a long-term research capacity for monitoring the impacts of pests through improved collaboration and support between national and international research institutions.
5.2.Develop an insect detection and early warning: to improve early detection systems and ability to understand specific factors that trigger and influence the duration and intensity of local forest insect disturbances.
5.3.Develop a risk-rating system for forests to determine those that have high economic or social values for prioritizing protection control measures to ensure efficient spending of pest budgets
5.4.Conduct capacity building and awareness raising for vocational schools, inter-soum units and Forest User Groups on integrated pest management, and sustainable forest management strategies to increase resilience to pest and pathogen outbreaks
5.5.Conduct research on development of specific biocontrol agents through viruses for control of forest pests such as Nucleopolyhedrosis viruses.
5.6.Implement a public information campaign for general public and decision makers to increase the knowledge and awareness of Mongolia’s forests and role of long-term sustainable forest management (including promotion tree vigor, beneficial parasites and insect predators) as approaches in increasing resilience for pest control
5.7.To undertake a policy review on improved effectiveness of pest budgets including a financial review and cost benefit assessment on the effectiveness of current forest pest control activities
5.8.To develop a policy for forecasting and monitoring and identification of pest abundance thresholds and identification of the forest values for decision-making on control methodology
5.9.Implement rigorous pest control monitoring guidelines and standards for contractors, including application, control and quality of substances used.
5.10.Prohibit the use of banned pesticides by Aimag authorities for forest pest control
5.11.Conduct pest control activities when threshold limits are reached in areas of high economic value or importance using environmentally friendly methods, including collection methods (traps, physical, pheromone and lights and treatment (using biocontrol agents)

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

6.1.Capacity building for crime investigation, under-cover survey and forest patrols for law enforcement agencies and Inter-Soum units
6.2.Increase protection of forest land through improved ownership / user rights of companies, enterprises and user groups
6.3.Develop cooperation mechanisms with border army, justice department and police and in neighboring countries to reduce illegal logging or imports
6.4.Develop policy for improved financial incentives for local community groups to participate in forest patrols and illegal activity monitoring and reporting
6.5.Ensure sustainable management strategy for household fuel harvesting ad upgrade legal framework respectively
6.6.Test mobile applications and use of SMART software for forest patrols in selected hotspot or protected areas
6.7.Increase the supply of legally harvested wood from sustainable forest management areas and increase amount of standing deadwood harvesting to meet the illegal demands in Mongolia
6.8.Implement and provide incentives for Forests User Group patrols to monitor for illegal logging
6.9.Increased monitoring of approved logging undertaken by enterprises
6.10.Implement an electronic bar-coding mechanism for chain of custody of logging operations
6.11.Implement a reporting mechanism for illegal logging and corruption in Mongolia

[/accordionitem][/cq_vc_accordion]

Component C:

Carbon Stock Enhancement and Sustainable Forest Management
[cq_vc_accordion accordionstyle=”style2″ contentcolor=”#474747″ contentbg=”#ffffff” accordiontitle=”PAM 7.0 Climate Change Resilience and Forest Health Improved Through Improved Sustainable Forest Management for Utilisation Forest,PAM 8.0 Enhance Forest Carbon Stock and Improve Resilience of Climate of Forest to Climate Change Through Improved Effectiveness of Restoration and Tree Planting ,PAM 9.0 To Support the Sustainable Management of Forest Through Improvement and Development of the Wood Industry” titlecolor=”#0b6bbf” titlebg=”#f4f4f4″ titlehovercolor=”#ffffff” titlehoverbg=”#0f6dbf” withborder=”withBorder” withbordercolor=”#0166bf”][accordionitem]

7.1.Improve the capacity of Forest User Groups and Enterprises to be certified and accredited as professional entities for sustainable harvesting and forest management
7.2.Develop and implement a long-term sectoral plan for commercial thinning, sustainable harvesting and deadwood removal in utilization forests in conjunction with national wood processing sector plan
7.3.Research on timber growth and extraction rates to develop sustainable harvesting models and guidelines.
7.4.Develop and implement policies and economic incentives for pre-commercial thinning and forest management under Forest User Groups.
7.5.Develop  and implement national policy and guideline for accrediting standards for sustainable forest management (e.g. forests certification) including reduced impact logging, deadwood management, road construction and sustainable harvesting measures
7.6.Develop and implement a supportive policy framework for improved resource user rights and regulations for Forest User Groups and Community Groups
7.7.Strategically locate and construct new roads to facilitate sustainable forest harvesting implement strategic thinnings and deadwood cleaning, and improve the accessibility for forest protection and management activities
7.8.Develop and implement  a long-term sectoral plan for commercial thinning and harvesting live wood through sustainable harvesting in utilization forests
7.9.Develop and implement a long-term sector plan for pre-commercial and commercial thinning in Forest User Groups

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

8.1.Develop technical guidelines for tree planting, restoration and monitoring
8.2.Implement a program of capacity building for soum, enterprises and Forest User Groups in forest restoration techniques
8.3.Implement a program of certified genetically diverse seed stands in various ecoregions/climatic zones to increase the resilience of seed stocks to climate change
8.4.Development of a forest restoration strategy and identification of grazing / livestock pressure zones
8.5.Establish increased planting cost-norms and performance-based incentives and penalties for tree planting by enterprises, forest user groups and management units
8.6.Develop enhanced financial models and incentives for forest planting and nursery enterprises
8.7.Improve local planning and community-based agreements for tree planting and livestock management regimes in areas of high grazing intensity
8.8.Carry out natural regeneration and/or planting of native tree species, in degraded forest or poorly stocked forest areas, especially in areas of high ecosystem service provision
8.9.Develop and implement agroforestry models for ecosystem protection and income generation
8.10.Implement land degradation and restoration schemes in mining areas
8.11.Support private sector entities, nurseries and enterprises to develop improved seedling containerised seedling stock
8.12.Implementation of strategies and regimes for reduced grazing pressure in degraded forest and restoration zones including rotational grazing, community grazing strategies and performance-based restoration
8.13.Implementation of strategies and regimes for improved hay making in restoration zones
8.14.Improved pastureland and livestock value chains for local herder groups in hotspot grazing areas

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

9.1.Undertake capacity building and develop technical skills for wood processing sector through training in specialist skills, including market research, furniture and product design
9.2.Promote linkages to sustainable banking and impact investment funds for investments in wood processing sector
9.3.Undertake capacity building and develop technical skills for wood processing sector through training in specialist skills, including market research, furniture and product design
9.4.Promote linkages to sustainable banking and impact investment funds for investments in wood processing sector
9.5.Support wood processing sector through linkage to sustainable supply of wood materials from sustainable harvesting programs
9.6.Establish industrial centres of wood production for reduced cost-sharing and centres for wood industry
9.7.Support the introduction of improved timber processing techniques for development of materials and development of valued-added timber products (chips, biomass pellets, terpenes wood panels, panels for interior decoration, wood vinegar, charcoal, furniture and construction materials)
9.8.Provide technical assistance for the development of wood-based energy and electric generation schemes, in Aimag and Soum centres.

[/accordionitem][/cq_vc_accordion]

Component D:

Climate Resilient Livelihoods and Ecosystem Service Provision
[cq_vc_accordion accordionstyle=”style2″ contentcolor=”#474747″ contentbg=”#ffffff” accordiontitle=”PAM 10.0 Maintenance and Enhancement of Ecosystem Services Through Forest Protection and Conservation ,PAM 11.0 Incentives for Forest Protection Through Enhanced Economic Incentives,PAM 12.0 Desertification is Decreased and Environmental Conservation is Improved in Dryland Forest Ecosystems” titlecolor=”#0b6bbf” titlebg=”#f4f4f4″ titlehovercolor=”#ffffff” titlehoverbg=”#0f6dbf” withborder=”withBorder” withbordercolor=”#0166bf”][accordionitem]

10.1.Conduct ecological and economic assessment of the protected area network to develop a resilient protected area system through identification of corridors, ecologically important areas,, priority watershed conservation areas and community conservation areas and placing them under protection
10.2.Identification of vulnerable areas, especially in buffer zones to implement deadwood cleaning, thinning and silvicultural practices
10.3.Develop policies and regulations for expansion of the protected area network
10.4.Implement co-managed conservation areas and improve community use group management in protected areas and buffer zones, prioritizing ecologically important areas.
10.5.Develop and implement headwater and watershed protection plans in Khangai and Khentii watersheds
10.6.Strengthen the effective management of protected areas and co-protected areas through building capacity and developing improved monitoring strategies.

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

11.1.Support the establishment of a strategic plan and interventions for development of public-private sector, community-based, sustainable ecotourism projects in forest areas
11.2.Develop value chains and interventions for processing of non-timber forest products, fuel options, small scale furniture and crafts for local communities
11.3.Develop a investment policy and fund for private sector and/or banking institutions to develop an Impact Investment Fund for private sector and entrepreneurs
11.4.Provide technical assistance to public – private sector enterprises for wood biomass energy, charcoal, wood pellets and other energy solutions

[/accordionitem]
[accordionitem]

12.1.Development of agroforestry value chains, and/or non-timber forests products value chains in dryland forest areas
12.2.Improved management and enhancement of natural regeneration in existing forest areas
12.3.Reforestation / afforestation scheme in priority desertification areas
12.4.Protection of oasis and water sources through improved saxaul forest management
12.5.Promotion of sustainable firewood harvesting techniques in sensitive areas

[/accordionitem][/cq_vc_accordion]